|Estimated value:||€3 million|
|Country of origin:||Germany|
|Source of Wealth:||Entrepreneurs, politicians|
Claudia Benedikta Roth (born May 15, 1955 in Ulm) is a German Green politician. She was one of the two party leaders from 2004 to 2013 and is currently one of the vice-presidents of the Bundestag.
Claudia Roth began her artistic work, which she always regarded as political, in the 1970s as a trained artistic director at a theater in Memmingen. She then worked at the Dortmund City Theater and at the Hoffmanns-Comic-Theater and then worked as a manager for the political rock band “Ton Steine Scherben” until 1985. She came into contact with the Greens on campaign tours. In 1985 she became spokesperson for the Greens in the Bundestag.
In the 1989 European elections in West Germany, Roth was elected for the first time as a member of the European Parliament for the Greens. Roth served on the new Civil Liberties and Home Affairs Committee, the Foreign Affairs Committee, and the Human Rights Subcommittee. She was also a member of two committees of inquiry of the European Parliament, namely the committees of inquiry into racism and xenophobia and the committees of inquiry into links between organized crime and drugs, and the EC-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee.
From 1989 to 1990, Roth was briefly Vice-Chairman of the Green Group in the European Parliament. In the 1994 European elections, Roth was again elected to the European Parliament as the top candidate of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. She was leader of the Green Group in the European Parliament until 1998, first alongside co-president Alexander Langer (1994-1995) and later Magda Aelvoet (1995-1998). During this second term as MEP, she was again a member of the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Subcommittee on Human Rights and the EC-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee, of which she became Vice-Chair. She also remained engaged as a substitute member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Claudia Roth ended her work as an MEP when she became a member of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen parliamentary group in the Bundestag after the 1998 federal elections. She became a member of the Committee on European Union Affairs and a deputy member of the Committee on Internal Affairs of the German Bundestag. She was also elected chair of the newly established Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid Committee.
On March 9, 2001, Roth was elected federal chairman of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen at the party congress in Stuttgart and then resigned at the end of March 2001 as a member of the Bundestag. At the same time she was spokeswoman for Alliance 90 / The Greens on women’s issues.
In the 2002 federal elections, Roth was elected to the Bundestag as the top Bavarian candidate for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. Since then she has been a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Bundestag and the Committee for Culture and Media. She is also culture spokesperson for the Bündnis 90/Die Grünen parliamentary group in the Bundestag and chairwoman of the German-Turkish parliamentary friendship group.
From March 2003 to October 2004, Roth worked in the second cabinet of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder as the Federal Government Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid at the Federal Foreign Office. In October 2004, Roth again became federal chairwoman of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen and was re-elected several times, most recently in November 2010. In 2012, she was unable to assert herself as number one in the 2013 federal election campaign. After this defeat, she was not sure if she would run again for the position of party leader. Party colleague Volker Beck launched a support campaign for her on social networks and called her Candystorm. Party members then re-elected Roth as leader with 88.5 percent support.
Roth was deputy chair of the German-Iranian Parliamentary Friendship Group from 2005 to 2009 and held the same position in the German-Turkish Friendship Group from 2005 to 2013.
Roth was elected Vice President of the German Bundestag on October 22, 2013. She is also a member of Parliament’s Council of Elders, which among other things sets the daily agenda items and assigns committee chairs based on party representation. She is also a member of the Committee on Economic Cooperation and Development and the Subcommittee on Cultural Relations and Education Policy. She is also a member of the Art Advisory Board of the German Bundestag.
Roth was part of the negotiations to form a coalition government with the Christian Democrats – both the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) – and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) after the 2017 federal elections 14-member Green Party delegation.
Shortly after the US launched military operations in Afghanistan in October 2001, Roth criticized the use of anti-personnel cluster bombs as “inappropriate”. When Green Party members later defied their pacifist roots and overwhelmingly voted to send German soldiers to Afghanistan as part of the NATO-led ISAF security mission, Roth claimed that “[die Grünen] are and will remain an anti-war party. But I think that in certain circumstances it must be possible to take military action to stop violence.”
In 2010 Roth publicly called for “stricter controls and stricter criteria for arms exports”. In 2014 she – along with Green MPs Katja Keul and Hans-Christian Ströbele – filed a complaint with the Federal Constitutional Court, arguing that it was unconstitutional for the government to keep the Bundestag in the dark about planned arms deals because it prevented Parliament from task of keeping the government in check. The court ruled that while the government is not required to disclose information about planned arms exports, it is obliged to provide details to the Bundestag upon request once certain arms deals have been approved.
|Estimated value:||€3 million|